Egyptian hieroglyphs with cartouches for the name " Ramesses II ", from the Luxor TempleNew Kingdom The history of literature follows closely the development of civilization. It did contain at least one feature of poetry left-justified linesbut the style of writing precludes the detection of certain other identifying features.
In the perspective of the history of art,  artistic works have existed for almost as long as humankind: However, there are many other colloquial uses of the word, all with some relation to its etymology.
Artistic works may serve practical functions, in addition to their decorative value. Over time, philosophers like PlatoAristotleSocrates and Kantamong others, questioned the meaning of art. Socrates says that poetry is inspired by the musesand is not rational. He speaks approvingly of this, and other forms of divine madness drunkenness, eroticism, and dreaming in the Phaedrus a—cand yet in the Republic wants to outlaw Homer's great poetic art, and laughter as well.
In IonSocrates gives no hint of the disapproval of Homer that he expresses in the Republic. The dialogue Ion suggests that Homer 's Iliad functioned in the ancient Greek world as the Bible does today in the modern Christian world: The forms also differ in their object of imitation.
Comedy, for instance, is a dramatic imitation of men worse than average; whereas tragedy imitates men slightly better than average. Lastly, the forms differ in their manner of imitation—through narrative or character, through change or no change, and through drama or no drama.
Within this latter sense, the word art may refer to several things: The creative arts art as discipline are a collection of disciplines which produce artworks art as objects that are compelled by a personal drive art as activity and convey a message, mood, or symbolism for the perceiver to interpret art as experience.
Art is something that stimulates an individual's thoughts, emotions, beliefs, or ideas through the senses. Works of art can be explicitly made for this purpose or interpreted on the basis of images or objects. For some scholars, such as Kantthe sciences and the arts could be distinguished by taking science as representing the domain of knowledge and the arts as representing the domain of the freedom of artistic expression.
Likewise, if the skill is being used in a commercial or industrial way, it may be considered commercial art instead of fine art. On the other hand, crafts and design are sometimes considered applied art. Some art followers have argued that the difference between fine art and applied art has more to do with value judgments made about the art than any clear definitional difference.
The purpose of works of art may be to communicate ideas, such as in politically, spiritually, or philosophically motivated art; to create a sense of beauty see aesthetics ; to explore the nature of perception; for pleasure; or to generate strong emotions.
The purpose may also be seemingly nonexistent.
History of African Philosophy. This article traces the history of systematic African philosophy from the early s to date. In Plato’s Theaetetus, Socrates suggests that philosophy begins with urbanagricultureinitiative.comtle agreed. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. This course introduces the principles of animation through a variety of animation techniques. Topics include motion research and analysis, effective timing, .
The nature of art has been described by philosopher Richard Wollheim as "one of the most elusive of the traditional problems of human culture".
Art as mimesis has deep roots in the philosophy of Aristotle. Collingwood advanced the idealist view that art expresses emotions, and that the work of art therefore essentially exists in the mind of the creator. More recently, thinkers influenced by Martin Heidegger have interpreted art as the means by which a community develops for itself a medium for self-expression and interpretation.
Art as we have generally understood it is a European invention barely two hundred years old. During the Romantic periodart came to be seen as "a special faculty of the human mind to be classified with religion and science".
Sculptures, cave paintingsrock paintings and petroglyphs from the Upper Paleolithic dating to roughly 40, years ago have been found,  but the precise meaning of such art is often disputed because so little is known about the cultures that produced them. The oldest art objects in the world—a series of tiny, drilled snail shells about 75, years old—were discovered in a South African cave.
Each of these centers of early civilization developed a unique and characteristic style in its art.(used relatively in restrictive clauses having that as the antecedent): Damaged goods constituted part of that which was sold at the auction.
(used after a preposition to represent a specified antecedent): the horse on which I rode. (used relatively to represent a specified or implied antecedent) the one that; a particular one that: You may choose which you like.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works. More restrictively, literature refers to writing considered to be an art form, or any single writing deemed to have artistic or intellectual value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage.
Poetry is a form of literary art which uses aesthetic and. Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
In their most general form these activities include the production of works of art, the criticism of art, the study of the history of art, and the aesthetic. Art, philosophy of - Art as expression: The view that “art is imitation (representation)” has not only been challenged, it has been moribund in at least some of the arts for more than a century.
It was subsequently replaced by the theory that art is expression. D that can be perceived in the music. Slowness is surely one such quality. The group was similarly united by a reductive and primitive aesthetic, a revival of older media and medieval German art, in which they used graphic techniques such as woodblock printing to create crude, jagged forms.
Symbolism: Symbolism, a loosely organized literary and artistic movement that originated with a group of French poets in the late 19th century, spread to painting and the theatre, and influenced the European and American literatures of the 20th century to varying degrees.
Symbolist artists sought to .