Ratified December 15, Amendment I Freedoms, Petitions, Assembly Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Amendment II Right to bear arms A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
Origins[ edit ] Alexander Hamiltonauthor of the majority of The Federalist Papers The Federal Convention sent the proposed Constitution to the Confederation Congress, which in turn submitted it to the states for ratification at the end of September On September 27,"Cato" first appeared in the New York press criticizing the proposition; "Brutus" followed on October 18, In response, Alexander Hamilton decided to launch a measured defense and extensive explanation of the proposed Constitution to the people of the state of New York.
He wrote in Federalist No. He enlisted John Jay, who after four strong essays Federalist Nos. Gouverneur Morris and William Duer were also apparently considered; Morris turned down the invitation, and Hamilton rejected three essays written by Duer.
|STATE CONSTITUTIONS AND THE RIGHT TO KEEP AND BEAR ARMS||This convention was called for the purpose of resolving commercial issues between the states. During the Annapolis Convention, however, it became clear that there were overriding federal government impediments that required action as a precondition to resolving commercial issues.|
Hamilton chose "Publius" as the pseudonym under which the series would be written. Authorship[ edit ] At the time of publication the authorship of the articles was a closely guarded secret, though astute observers discerned the identities of Hamilton, Madison, and Jay.
The scholarly detective work of Douglass Adair in postulated the following assignments of authorship, corroborated in by a computer analysis of the text: Alexander Hamilton 51 articles: In a span of ten months, a total of 85 articles were written by the three men.
Hamilton, who had been a leading advocate of national constitutional reform throughout the s and represented New York at the Constitutional Conventionin became the first Secretary of the Treasurya post he held until his resignation in Madison, who is now acknowledged as the father of the Constitution—despite his repeated rejection of this honor during his lifetime,  became a leading member of the U.
House of Representatives from Virginia —Secretary of State —and ultimately the fourth President of the United States. Although written and published with haste, The Federalist articles were widely read and greatly influenced the shape of American political institutions.
Garry Wills observes that the pace of production "overwhelmed" any possible response: And no time was given. However, they were only irregularly published outside New York, and in other parts of the country they were often overshadowed by local writers. The high demand for the essays led to their publication in a more permanent form.
On January 1,the New York publishing firm J.
McLean announced that they would publish the first thirty-six essays as a bound volume; that volume was released on March 22, and was titled The Federalist Volume 1. A second bound volume containing Federalist 37—77 and the yet to be published Federalist 78—85 was released on May InGeorge Hopkins published an American edition that similarly named the authors.The Debates in the Federal Convention of Which Framed the Constitution of the United States of America.
There are also versions of this "Plan" by David Brearley (AD, RG , Records of the Constitutional Convention of , Papers of David Brearley, National Archives) and The Papers of Alexander Hamilton; The Papers of Thomas.
Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly; Standing Armies and Armed Citizens: An Historical Analysis of The Second Amendment, by Roy G.
Weatherup. Constitutional Convention of and some of the issues faced by the delegates. This lesson B. Alexander Hamilton C. James Madison D. George Washington.
5 55 delegates would play a role at various times in the convention. The delegates who participated in the convention did not reflect the diversity then present in the nation. . The ten-dollar Founding Father without a father, Alexander Hamilton starts out as a penniless immigrant bastard but rises up in the ranks and becomes aide to George Washington himself.
An analysis of the role alexander hamilton played in the constitutional convention Published March 30, | By Did Sable an analysis of the role alexander hamilton played in the constitutional convention Esteban interspersed his misunderstanding lightly? The Original Meaning of the Commerce Clause.
Copyright (c) University of Chicago. University of Chicago Law Review - Winter, - 68 U. Chi. L. Rev. Randy.