An introduction to humanism in art and literature

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An introduction to humanism in art and literature

The Beauty of the Human Form and Essence 1 In the simplest terms, "humanism" refers to how Greek art and literature -- and art and literature in that tradition -- puts the human experience at the center of events, in contrast the Hebrews and Christians put God at that center.

Because despite his great, divine gifts, he must still achieve his own humanity, he must struggle toward it, overcoming his weaknesses. So while the Hebrews are interested in humans reaching for divine, Godly perfection, the Greek humanists are interested in how each of us must come to grips with, and make the best use of, our inherent human imperfection.

Humanism - Humanism and the visual arts |

The Greeks see this struggle as fascinating and beautiful. Keep in mind that in Ancient times, especially cultures predicated on war, athleticism represents an actual military advantage: Oddly, our culture has largely kept the ritual value of sports as prowess while abandoning in some ways its military value: For the Greeks, all people can and do communicate with a god or gods; these gods exist very much in the real world, taking on the shape of humans or even animalsand even often having sexual relations with humans etc.

These gods have a physicality that is increasingly missing in the OT god and then returned in the NT god Jesusand this physicality reinforces the belief that human physical qualities are themselves an element of the divine. If the gods look like us, then we look like the gods; thus, our bodies are godly.

Our Philosophic and Democratic Heritage Along with giving our culture its definitions of humanism, heroism, and its obsession with the physical body, the Greeks also plant our dual seeds of both philosophy and democracy: Both the Achaeans and the Trojans have gods on their sides contrast to Hebrews, who write from the perspective of one God, on their side only ; for the Greeks, many gods speak to many people and this sets the groundwork for a type of humanistic democratic equality.

Both Achilles and the author is willing to criticize Agamemnon, without detracting from his overall status as leader because while one god may inspire Agamemnon, another may inspire Achilles.Introduction to Renaissance Art Hi, it's me, Jessica, your history instructor for the day.

Today we'll be discussing Renaissance art, from painting to sculptures to architecture. A Bibliographical Introduction to the Italian Humanists Edited by Craig Kallendorf Italian humanism, the defining movement of the Renaissance, was a system of learning that produced a cultural renewal in Europe through the study and adoption of ancient Greco-Roman culture.

Renaissance humanism is the study of classical antiquity, the individualistic view of life received perhaps the most persuasive and eloquent statement in the history of literature and philosophy. The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to .

Humanism: Humanism, literature, rhetoric, philosophy, art history, and so forth.

An introduction to humanism in art and literature

Thus, it is customary to refer to scholars in these fields as humanists and to their activities as humanistic. Introduction; Origin and meaning of the term humanism. The ideal of humanitas;. Unlike medieval art which mainly focused on religious themes, Renaissance art showed more secularism and human-based themes, which focused on human welfare.

Renaissance art showed more representations of people studying mathematics and philosophy, rather than worshiping, which was a common theme in medieval times.

An introduction to humanism in art and literature

An impressive variety of major developments in literature, philosophy, art, religion, social science, and even natural science had their basis in humanism or were significantly nourished by it. Important spokesmen in all fields regularly made use of humanistic eloquence to further their causes.

Humanism - Wikipedia