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What is Cultural Policy? In fact, even more basic, one faculty member had asked, "What do we mean by 'policy'? First, he suggested that it is useful to think about cultural policy across many different fields, comparing public and private policy in the arts with communications policy, debates about education curricula and other areas of cultural production and reception.
Second, it is useful to think about cultural policy as having to do with decisions about cultural goods when those decisions are, in some way, contested. In other words, if there is broad public consensus about the public value of a cultural good, then policy is principally about how best to distribute or allocate the good in question.
This is social policy, not cultural policy. Perhaps, cultural policy requires conflict over the value of the good itself. A third idea in the paper is that there is a distinction between direct policies that are intended to shape cultural fields and indirect policies that do so unintentionally.
The cultural policy enterprise needs to pay attention to state and non-state actions that impact cultural outcomes without intending to do so. Finally, the fourth point in the article, which is less relevant today, is that policy means actions by the government and Art and cultural study essay policy made by foundations, corporations and nonprofits.
Today, most academics and practitioners would instinctively include non-government actors as critical players in cultural policy discussions. As further background, Stan Katz mentioned an essay he wrote for the American Assembly publication in that criticized the notion that because America lacks a centrally administered culture, as compared to Europe, that we don't have a cultural policy.
In his essay, Katz disputes this claim by showing how a variety of government policies, from immigration to urban renewal, create environments that affect which cultural goods and practices are carried forward. Katz pointed to the Lincoln Center as an example of an institution whose practices have been greatly influenced by unintended public policies.
In this regard, the U. In other words, there is never a condition when cultural policies are not at work; nonetheless, in many contexts, foundations, nonprofits and governments are reluctant to avow the practice of cultural policy.
However, the DiMaggio article helps us account for shifts that allow cultural policy to become salient and legitimate for such institutions to discuss.
It is basically in "the presence of cultural conflict and uncertainty" - when certain cultural domains are being challenged - that the question of cultural policy arises. Additionally, an implicit model of cultural practice derives from America's tradition of democratic consensus.
Unlike European cultural policy that supports projects that are deeply avant-garde, politically critical, and analytical, America's need for a broad consensus leads to cultural practices that produce art as an opiate for the masses.
Thus, the democratic market place of ideas in the U. An objection was raised regarding the assumption that U.
First, the NEA and NEH had a great deal of autonomy in the early days of their existence and often supported very provocative works.
Thus, the government is often able to fund provocative work without its hand being detected. So, we have to look at the indirect as well as the explicit and direct. One participant cautioned against taking an "Arnoldian" approach to culture - e. Another example is the failure of international organizations to balance economic models of development with sensitivity to local and indigenous cultures.
We also need to think about cultural policy outside the framework of just one state - policies affect "culture" across national boundaries. It was suggested that we narrow our definition of "cultural policy" and distinguish between policies that have effects on institutional areas of cultural production versus "cultural analysis" of policies in other sectors such as health or human services.
For example, most policies - whether debates over welfare or the sale of human organs- have an important cultural component, such as the language used to frame debates, assumptions about sacred and non-sacred goods, beliefs about the value of the market, etc.
And researchers should employ the tools of cultural analysis in order to expose the non-rational, non-functional components of such policies.
They directed the groups attention to the work of Roslyn Deutche architecture who has written about the way in which corporations use "cultural projects" - i. Thus, we need to pay attention to the political side of "cultural policies" - the way in which they can be used to legitimate certain groups and disempower others.
These definitions are influenced by norms and values that we need to understand in order to study cultural policy decisions. For example, a dominant norm in the history of cultural policy making has been to equate "culture" with cultivation.
Another person noted, however, that the goal of cultivation the appreciation of "high" culture is just one of many possible policy goals, and we should not assume that elitism is at the core of all cultural policies. It was suggested that instead of concerning ourselves with the normative goals of cultural policy, perhaps it's more fruitful to examine how cultural policies are constantly negotiated and contested, regardless of their explicit objectives.
For example, during the s there was a U.Your academic interests should match the broad themes that inform MA Arts and Cultural Management teaching, i.e. arts management, cultural theory and history, cultural production and consumption, cultural governance, and arts-based research.
· Art critics help viewers perceive, interpret, and judge artworks. · Critics tend to focus more on modern and contemporary art from cultures close to their own. · Art historians tend to study works made in cultures that are more distant in time and space. The National Art Education Foundation (NAEF) invests in innovative initiatives to support instructional practice, research, and leadership in visual arts education.
Learn more about applying for a grant or donating to the Foundation. Vent is topics cultural diversity essay closed he. Musicology wrestles with rock. Org. Additional studies have employed the design and design education in a large .
Cultural Event As a great fan of visual arts of any kinds with special interest in sculpture and figurative art painting, I visited a place called “Holy Land Experience” in Orlando, Florida because of what I’ve heard about the place, how they showcase ancient Jewish architectural designs, ancient history of Jerusalem and key biblical.
Assignment 2: Project Paper – Comparative Essay Due Week 8 and worth points This “Assignment 2” writing assignment is a comparative essay focused on topics encountered in our HUM class.
The project will be based on research but will reflect your views and interpretation of the topic.