Historians do not necessarily cut off historic periods strictly by dates, and the portion of the 18th century known as the Age of Reason generally refers to the period from through The year saw the beginning of the French Revolution. Dates aside, the Age of Reason was an age of extraordinary intellectual ferment.
In addition, population increased exponentially with immigrants coming in large numbers and due to the growth of plantations. It was during this period of economic boom that colonial America experienced two major revivals that had lasting effects on the country with regard to religion, government and human nature.
The Enlightenment focused on challenging the role of religion and divine right, and the Great Awakening was responsible in unifying colonies and bringing about the acceptance of religious tolerance.
The Enlightenment in Colonial America The Enlightenment actually began in Europe and it reached colonial America more than a century later. In Europe, the Enlightenment was responsible for inspiring revived interests in education, science and literature. The advocates of this movement stressed the power of humans to reason so as to promote progress.
Some clergy also ended up adopting liberal theology that is known as Rational Christianity. Here the belief was that God gave salvation to everyone and not just a chosen group. The Enlightenment challenged the role of religion and divine right and this helped Colonial America to see that it was possible to challenge the King and divine right.
The movement ended up taking a scientific approach to the world and human nature. The movement challenged the role of God and allowed people to see that they were important and had the ability to shape their own lives. The movement resulted in stimulating new interests in education, science and literature, and as a consequence many new colleges were founded.
The Great Awakening in Colonial America In the mid s, the colonies saw many spiritual and religious revivals. This led to common views being shared by the North and South and faith was preached across races. Most evangelists ended up condemning slavery as a sin.
In fact, at the first general conference of Methodism, it was decreed that having a slave would lead to immediate expulsion. People united in the understanding of the Christian faith and life. However, the Great Awakening ended up weakening the importance of clergy as believers started relying on their own conclusions.
The movement also led to creation of different sects and denominations, and advocated religious tolerance. This movement saw traditional authority of the clergy being challenged and eventually it made it easier to challenge the authority of the King.
· types of "Enlightenment" at work in America in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. These are (1) the Moderate Enlightenment, which "preached balance, order and religious compromise"; (2) the Skeptical Enlightenment, which took a jaundiced if not cynical view of urbanagricultureinitiative.com?article=&.
Newton’s calculus and optical theories provided the powerful Enlightenment metaphors for precisely measured change and illumination. There was no single, unified Enlightenment.
Instead, it is possible to speak of the French Enlightenment, the Scottish Enlightenment and the English, German, Swiss or American Enlightenment. · The American Enlightenment is generally discussed in terms of America's political evolution, the thinking that led to the fomenting of a revolution against urbanagricultureinitiative.com · The European Enlightenment is what we call the emergent philosophical views regarding human autonomy, agency, and self-determination; the move away from urbanagricultureinitiative.com The ultimate value in Jose R.
Torre's four volumes, The Enlightenment in America, lies in a truly excellent bibliography of secondary materials and the availability in primary sources of so many diverse voices using a variety of rhetorical urbanagricultureinitiative.com The Enlightenment, a complex cultural phenomenon that lasted approximately from the late seventeenth century until the early nineteenth century, contained a dynamic mix of contrary beliefs and epistemologies.
Its intellectual coherence arguably came from its distinctive historical sensibility, which was rooted in the notion that advances in the natural sciences had gifted humankind with an urbanagricultureinitiative.com