What are the primary environmental concerns in the aftermath of the big earthquake in Haiti? As would be the case after any natural disaster, water-borne illness could run rampant and chemicals and oil could leak out of damaged storage facilities as a result of the magnitude 7. Surprisingly, no large industrial spills have been found during initial post-quake rescue efforts, but of course the focus has been on saving human lives and restoring civil order.
Elements, Sources and Types of Social Problems! Let us first define a problem?
A problem is a condition of discontentment resented by someone. But when it is resented by many people, it becomes a social problem. For a problem to be social, it must involve a large number of people, sometimes groups and institutions, who consider a particular condition as undesirable and intolerable and want to correct through collective action.
Thus, not all problems are social, unless the discontented persons come in contact, and vocalize their discontentment and associate to do something for its solution. Thus, a social problem is different from an individual problem. Individual problem is one which is felt by only one person or a small group of people.
It does not affect the public at large. Its resolutions lie within the power and immediate milieu of the individual or group.
A public issue however requires a collective approach for its solutions. No one individual or a few individuals are responsible for the appearance of a socially problematic situation and the control of this situation is also beyond the ability of one person or a few persons.
The concept of social problem was first developed by sociologists. Fuller and Myers in Thus, in social problems two things must be present: Here is where values come into play.
People start perceiving that some values are being threatened. Elements of a Social Problems: Though the above cited definitions differ in ways these are explained, but the following important characteristics may be discerned from them: A condition or situation resented as objectionable by a significant number of people.
It is considered as undesirable because of its injurious consequences. All social problems want correction through collective action. They warrant change in conditions via some means of social engineering.
All aberrant behaviours or deviations from accepted norms are termed as social problems such as crime, juvenile delinquency, prostitution, rape, drug addiction, domestic violence, ethnic or communal tension. Social problems are not static but change with the change in time and space.
Changes in law and mores change the concept of social problem. Recognizing an undesirable condition and defining it as a social problem are two different things. The steadily rising rate of accidental deaths involving automobiles is long considered to be unavoidable but after effective criticism by many people, automobile safety became a social problem.
In the initial stages of industrialization, development of slums and ghettos was also regarded as unavoidable and not a social problem. People may not define a condition as a problem because it is desirable and natural, and not a threat to their values. In reality, it requires a belief in equality in order to define discrimination as a problem.
There are people who still do not believe that poverty is a social problem. They regard it as unavoidable fate of the masses. Poor people are to blame for their own condition of poverty. Such people define poverty as the personal failure of those who are poor, not a consequence of the arrangement of social structure.
But such old notions have changed in the modern societies and people started believing that something could be done about such condition and society government should take step to do something. Sources of Social Problems: A perfectly integrated society has no social problem.United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Educating for a Sustainable Future A Transdisciplinary Vision for Concerted Action.
Seven Crucial Problems Faced by Urban Society are: 1.
Housing and Slums, 2. Crowding and Depersonalisation, 3. Water Supply and Drainage, 4. Transportation and Traffic, 5. Power Shortage, 6. Sanitation, 7. Pollution. Urban problems are endless. To name the more important among them are: pollution. 1. What about plants?
Don't plants have feelings too? It is very possible that plants have sensitivities that we do not yet understand.
Because plants do not have nervous systems and cannot run away from predators, it has generally been assumed that they do not experience pain and suffering.
Environmental Problems: 10 Environmental Problems of Urban Area (with Solutions) Article shared by: Environmental Problems: 10 Environmental Problems of Urban Area (with Solutions)!
without civic and basic amenities are called Slums. The slum settlement arises due to un-flux of rural peoples into urban areas and shortage of .
Environmental Sustainability Issues in the Olympics - The Centennial Olympic Congress of Paris recognized these problems and incorporated environment as a “third pillar” of the Olympic charter, along with sports and culture. Urbanization also provides several benefits when there is a well-planned city with proper transportation and residential facilities, reducing pollution problems.
xii. Due to better access to health care, educational and social service .