Polykleitos Polykleitos active ca.
Polykleitos, the elder of two sculptors of this name, was a master bronze caster of the Argive school. His earliest works, probably done about B. The end of his career cannot have come long afterwhen the old temple of Hera in Argos burned and Polykleitos made a gold-and-ivory seated cult statue of Hera for the new temple.
In contrast to his contemporary Phidias, whose favorite subjects were gods and goddesses, Polykleitos portrayed mortals.
He is most famous for creating an ideal nude male figure and explaining it in a book, calling both the Canon, that is, "rule" or "example. The original statue was in bronze; it is known from many copies, including excellent marble copies Museo Nazionale, Naples; Uffizi, Florence. The figure is squarely built and stands in a relaxed contrapposto position, weight on right leg, left hand bent backward to hold a spear shaft over his shoulder.
The identification most often suggested for the Doryphoros is Achilles. The face still preserves traces of early classical severity. Here, the human body now reacts in a relaxed, organic manner, with every part of the figure responding naturally to the principal action. The stocky torso is treated in an almost architectonic fashion, with chest and abdominal areas sharply separated from one another.
That the figure was painstakingly designed cannot be denied; the system of proportions that Polykleitos embodied in his Canon, however, has so far eluded scholars.
The second work that can be attributed with reasonable probability to Polykleitos is a more slender and graceful athlete, the Diadoumenos, or youth tying a victor's fillet around his head.
It is likely that this statue is considerably later than the Doryphoros, perhaps finished about B. While tectonic organization, pose, and modeling all show a close relationship to the Doryphoros, extension of the arms horizontally away from the body at shoulder height in a more complex and active gesture points to a later, more evolved stage in Polykleitos's stylistic development.
Of the numerous copies, an over-life-size marble version from Delos National Museum, Athens and a large terra-cotta statuette Metropolitan Museum, New York are outstanding.
In one interpretation, the figure represents Apollo, the personification of victory; however, a specific, although unknown, human victor seems more likely. The Herakles is still relatively little known; while several excellent heads have been shown with some probability to represent the Hermes, the position of the body remains unknown.
Among many other athlete statues associated with Polykleitos, one may mention the Diskophoros, probably an early work, and the "Westmacott Athlete" and "Dresden Boy," both statues of very young athletes, done toward the end of his career. Polykleitos's only well-known statue of a female subject is his wounded Amazon, which Pliny Natural History tells us was the winning entry in the contest at the Artemision in Ephesus.
Berger is undecided between the "Sciarra" and the "Capitoline" types, both of which exhibit the contrapposto pose characteristic of works like the Doryphoros.
Further study and discoveries will be necessary before Polykleitos's Amazon can be convincingly reconstructed. Of his other female figures, his gold-and-ivory cult statue of Hera, made for the new temple of Hera in Argos, is unique.
Pausanias describes it as seated, holding a scepter in one hand, on which a cuckoo rests, and a pomegranate in the other; his observation that she wore a diadem, worked with Charites and Horai, finds partial confirmation in the decorated polos work on the head of Hera on late classical Argive coins.
The sculpture may have been smaller than the gold-and-ivory statues of Athena Parthenos at Athens and Zeus at Olympia by Phidias. Pollitt, The Art of Greece, B. Vermeule, Polykleitos ; B. Richter, The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks 4th ed. Need a custom written paper?
Let our professional writers save your time. Need an original paper?The frontal view of the marble sculpture shows the tree branches used as a support system for this marble sculpture. Both arms are raised and both hands are missing.
The figure is in a contrapposto pose and the male nude figure wears a headband around his short curly hair.
The marble is a light creamy color with little discoloration in this frontal . The "Diadoumenos, youth tying a fillet around his head," ca A.D is a Flavian Roman copy of the Greek bronze statue by Polykleitos.
This statue was found in Delos, and it . Here is a modest photo essay of the permanent installation of Ancient Greek art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
I hope that it gives you a hint of the richness of the exhibit. Essay Diadoumenos Polykleitos Marble The marble statue of Diadoumenos is a copy of the original bronze statue displaying a young man tying a fillet around his head.
The original was created in c.a.
B.C. by a man called Polykleitos of Argos. The second work that can be attributed with reasonable probability to Polykleitos is a more slender and graceful athlete, the Diadoumenos, or youth tying a victor's fillet around his head. It is likely that this statue is considerably later than the Doryphoros, perhaps finished about B.C.
Polykleitos was an ancient Greek sculptor in bronze of the 5th century BCE. His Greek name was traditionally Latinized Polycletus, but is also transliterated Polycleitus (Ancient Greek: Πολύκλειτος, Classical Greek Greek pronunciation: [polýkleːtos], "much-renowned") and due to iotacism in the transition from Ancient to Modern Greek, .