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Davis Cup InDwight F. Davis of the Harvard University tennis team designed a tournament format with the idea of challenging the British to a tennis showdown.
By the tournament had expanded to include BelgiumAustriaFranceand Australasiaa combined team from Australia and New Zealand that competed jointly until The tournament was initially known as the "International Lawn Tennis Challenge".
It was renamed the Davis Cup following the death of Dwight Davis in The tournament has vastly expanded and, on its th anniversary innations competed. The success of the event was overwhelming and the IOC decided to reintroduce tennis as a full medal sport at Seoul in The Fed Cup[ edit ] Main article: Fed Cup The idea of a Davis Cup-style tournament for national women's teams is surprisingly old—it was first proposed in by Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman.
After she was turned down, she donated a trophy in that would be known as the Wightman Cupawarded in an annual match between the two strongest women's tennis nations of the time, the United States and Great Britain.
The first Federation Cup was played in as part of the ITF's 50th anniversary celebrations; it involved 16 countries and was played over one week. By the s, over 70 nations competed each year, and regional qualifiers were introduced in The Professional circuit[ edit ] Inpromoter C.
Pyle established the first professional tour with a group of American and French players playing exhibition matches to paying audiences. The main events of the professional circuit comprised head-to-head competition and by-invitation Pro Championships, which were the precedents for the Grand Slam tournaments before the Open Era began in Tennis Pro Tours In the years before the open era, male professionals often played more frequently on tours than in tournaments because head-to-head tours between two stars paid much better than tournaments and the number of professional tournaments was small.
For example, Fred Perry earned U. Vines probably never entered a tournament in and InVines played 70 matches on two tours and no tournament matches.
Even in the s, some professionals continued to play tour matches. During his first five months as a professional January through MayKen Rosewall played 76 matches on a tour against Pancho Gonzales but only 9 tournament matches.
Joe McCauley determined that foronly 7 professional tournaments were played by the top international players, and 2 other professional tournaments the British Pro and the German Pro were reserved for domestic players.
Only during the s did professional tournaments become more significant than tours. Pro Championships Pro Slams [ edit ] Main article: Major professional tennis tournaments before the Open Era In addition to head-to-head events several annual professional tournaments were called championship tournaments.
The most prestigious was usually the Wembley Championshipheld at the Wembley Arena in England, played between and The oldest was the U.Rules for Tennis were first adopted on 1 January Making rules and regulations for tennis lies with the International Tennis Federation and it was accompanied by a Rules of Tennis Committee, which periodically monitors rules and make necessary recommendations for any modification, if it is needed.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each ().Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's urbanagricultureinitiative.com object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return.
Basic Rules of Tennis. So you are all decked out with your racquet in hand and suited up but still struggling with the mind boggling rules of the tennis? This article aims provide you with the basic rules of the tennis game to enable you to .
Enjoy the fun, new Fast4 format in a tournament that will finally decide which state is the superior Carolina! The website of the International Tennis Federation, the world governing body of tennis - information on all aspects of tennis including players, records, rules and events such as Davis Cup and Fed Cup.
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