Thomas Friedman Read December Thomas Friedman has written a fat, breathless, energetic, pointed, compelling, flawed book that may just have the right effect for the wrong reasons. This is not news to any immigrant, but it may just be to many Americans. His genius lies in finding a compelling anecdote, usually in the form of an person of allegoric proportion; from this, however, he has a marked tendency to extrapolate wildly.
Egyptian mythology and Biblical cosmology Imago Mundi Babylonian map, the oldest known world map, 6th century BC Babylonia In early Egyptian  and Mesopotamian thoughtthe world was portrayed as a disk floating in the ocean.
A similar model is found in the Homeric account from the 8th century BC in which "Okeanos, the personified body of water surrounding the circular surface of the Earth, is the begetter of all life and possibly of all gods.
If you take a lighted candle and set it in a room, you may expect it to light up the entire interior, unless something should hinder, though the room be quite large. But if you take an apple and hang it close to the flame, so near that it is heated, the apple will darken nearly half the room or even more.
However, if you hang the apple near the wall, it will not get hot; the candle will light up the whole house; and the shadow on the wall where the apple hangs will be scarcely half as large as the apple itself.
From this you may infer that the Earth-circle is round like a ball and not equally near the sun at every point. But where the curved surface lies nearest the sun's path, there will the greatest heat be; and some of the lands that lie continuously under the unbroken rays cannot be inhabited.
Chinese astronomy In ancient Chinathe prevailing belief was that the Earth was flat and square, while the heavens were round,  an assumption virtually unquestioned until the introduction of European astronomy in the 17th century.
Chinese thought on the form of the Earth remained almost unchanged from early times until the first contacts with modern science through the medium of Jesuit missionaries in the seventeenth century.
The heavens are like a hen's egg and as round as a crossbow bullet; the Earth is like the yolk of the egg, and lies in the centre.
The egg reference, however, was rather meant to clarify the relative position of the flat Earth to the heavens: In a passage of Zhang Heng's cosmogony not translated by Needham, Zhang himself says: Earth takes its body from the Yin, so it is flat and quiescent".
The point of the egg analogy is simply to stress that the Earth is completely enclosed by Heaven, rather than merely covered from above as the Kai Tian describes.
Chinese astronomers, many of them brilliant men by any standards, continued to think in flat-Earth terms until the seventeenth century; this surprising fact might be the starting-point for a re-examination of the apparent facility with which the idea of a spherical Earth found acceptance in fifth-century BC Greece.
The Zhoubi Suanjing also discusses how to determine the distance of the Sun by measuring the length of noontime shadows at different latitudes, a method similar to Eratosthenes' measurement of the circumference of the Earth, but the Zhoubi Suanjing assumes that the Earth is flat.
The specific problem is: Need to reduce overlap with Spherical Earth and move off-topic material there. Please help improve this article if you can. July Further information: Spherical Earth and History of geodesy Greece: Semi-circular shadow of Earth on the Moon during the phases of a lunar eclipse Pythagoras in the 6th century BC and Parmenides in the 5th century stated that the Earth is spherical and this view spread rapidly in the Greek world.
Around BC, Aristotle maintained on the basis of physical theory and observational evidence that the Earth was spherical, and reported on an estimate on the circumference.
His Almagest was written in Greek and only translated into Latin in the 11th century from Arabic translations.I. I always wanted to meditate more, but never really got around to it. And (I thought) I had an unimpeachable excuse.
The demands of a medical career are incompatible with such a .
The world is flat is a nice metaphore, but politics and economy is not flat or simple and Friedman's attempts to make it so makes the book an overbearing read. While Friedman may have multiple Pulitzers, these are for his short articles, definetly not his book (and two of his Pulitzers are over 20 years old).
The World is Flat Thomas Friedman. Read December Thomas Friedman has written a fat, breathless, energetic, pointed, compelling, flawed book that may just have the right effect for the wrong reasons.
Jan 20, · The World is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century by Thomas L. Friedman. Recommended for: Anyone who has a job! Students about to enter the real world, parents.
Thomas Friedman is the New York Times‘s Foreign Affairs columnist and the recipient of three Pulitzer Prizes.
He travels the globe extensively to get a. The World Is Flat: A Brief History of a School Professor of European Thought at the London School of Economics and Political Science, wrote another critical review of Friedman's book called "The World Is Round".
In it, Gray confirms Friedman's assertion that globalization is making the world more interconnected and, in some parts, richer. urbanagricultureinitiative.com - Free guide to discounts for Disneyland, Disney World, Disney Cruise Line and more!